年的日本，后来扩展到欧美韩台等电子产业比较发达的国家，后来随着中国的改革开放，越来越多的电子厂都相继迁入到中国，因此自动焊锡机也开始被越来越多的带入到中国大陆地区。 Automatic soldering machine , also known as automatic soldering robot , automatic welding robot, etc., is a machine that replaces manual welding by humans. It originated in Japan in 1969 and later expanded to countries with advanced electronics industries such as Europe, America, Korea, and Taiwan. With China's reform and opening up, more and more electronics factories have moved to China in succession, so automatic soldering machines have begun to be brought into mainland China more and more.
Development stage of automatic soldering machine
Since the advent of the automatic soldering machine , it has probably gone through three stages of development
1969 年由日本生产出来第一台自动焊锡机开始，首先是在日本得到大力的推广和发展。 The first stage: Since the first automatic soldering machine produced in Japan in 1969 , it has been vigorously promoted and developed in Japan. Since the development of the third industrial revolution wave after the Second World War was mainly a revolution in the electronics industry and computers, it promoted a wave of revolutionary innovation in the electronics field. Due to the development of the electronics industry and labor shortage in Japan, companies have to find a welding tool that replaces manual welding. Therefore, automatic soldering machines that replaced manual welding were born under this background.
The second stage: As the third industrial revolution swept the entire world, the electronics industry benefited from the vigorous development of capitalist countries in Europe and the United States. At the same time, many countries developed the electronics industry as their pillar industries, especially Taiwan and South Korea. Such four Asian dragons have risen at this time. Therefore, in these countries and regions where the electronics industry is more developed in Europe, America, Korea, and Taiwan, automatic soldering machines have also developed rapidly.
2000 年以后，主要是得益于中国大陆地区的改革开放，越来越多的国家都把工厂搬迁到中国大陆地区，使中国有了世界工厂的美誉之称。 The third stage: Beginning in 2000 , mainly due to the reform and opening up in mainland China, more and more countries have relocated factories to mainland China, giving China the reputation of a world factory. 1980 年至 2000 年之间，由于中国庞大的人口基数，早就了充足的廉价劳动力，因此可以说这种取代人工的焊接的机器并未在中国大陆铺展开来。 But between 1980 and 2000 , due to China ’s huge population base, sufficient cheap labor had long been available, so it can be said that this type of manual welding machine did not spread in mainland China. 2000 年以后，由于中国人口红利接近尾声，企业的用工成本开始节节攀升，因此这种取代人工的焊接工具才越来越被国内企业所接受。 The turning point appeared after 2000. As China's demographic dividend is nearing its end, the labor cost of enterprises has started to rise, so this type of welding tool to replace labor has been increasingly accepted by domestic enterprises. At the same time, due to the development of China's science and technology, the gap between China's technology and the world's level is getting smaller and smaller, so some domestic companies have begun to imitate Japanese technology, and the level of localization of automatic soldering machines is getting higher and higher. Super Japanese trend, especially in recent years, domestic soldering machines and Japanese soldering machines, both in terms of accuracy and temperature can completely compare with Japan.
Classification of automatic soldering machine :
First, the automatic soldering machine is divided according to the axial direction:
、单轴自动焊锡机 1.Single-axis automatic soldering machine
、两轴自动焊锡机 2.Two-axis automatic soldering machine
、三轴自动焊锡机 3 , three-axis automatic soldering machine
、四轴焊锡机 4.Four-axis soldering machine
Second, by motor type
、以步进马达为主的自动焊锡机 1.Automatic soldering machine based on stepping motor
、以伺服马达为主的自动焊锡机 2.Automatic soldering machine based on servo motor
Third, by control type
、以单片机控制为主的自动焊锡机 1.Automatic soldering machine based on single-chip microcomputer control
、以 PLC 控制为主的自动焊锡机 2.Automatic soldering machine mainly based on PLC control
Four, according to the number of welding heads
、单头自动焊锡机 1.Single head automatic soldering machine
、双头自动焊锡机 2.Double-headed automatic soldering machine
、三头自动焊锡机 3 , three-head automatic soldering machine
、 多头自动焊锡机 4. Multi-head automatic soldering machine
V. Dividing by soldering method
、接触式焊锡机 ------- 烙铁焊接 1.Contact soldering machine ------- soldering iron
、非接触式焊接 ------- 激光焊锡机 2. Non-contact welding ------- laser soldering machine
Composition of automatic soldering machine
Since the birth of automatic soldering machines , there have been roughly three parts, and to this day, these three parts are still the main parts.
------------- 控制烙铁头的行进路径 First, the mechanical arm ------------- control the travel path of the soldering iron head
The robot arm is mainly used to replace human hands and imitate human hand movements to complete welding. Therefore, the accuracy of its positioning is directly related to the stability of your welding quality. If the accuracy is poor or the positioning is not accurate, it is easy to cause welding. Bad. Janome 的机械手臂，该手臂由于其优良的性能和良好的可靠性在世界范围内得到同行的一直认可。 The soldering machine that just debuted in Japan generally adopts the robot arm of Janome . This arm has been recognized by its peers worldwide because of its excellent performance and good reliability.
--------- 控制烙铁头的温度 Second, the temperature control system --------- control the temperature of the iron tip
The temperature control system can be said to be the heart of an automatic soldering machine . Its main function is to provide a reliable heat source for welding, and it must have the functions of heating, returning, and replenishing quickly. PID 的温度补偿方式，升温速度也是大同小异。 At present, the temperature controllers on the market mainly adopt the PID temperature compensation method, and the heating rate is similar. 6 秒内使烙铁头的温度从室温升到设定的温度。 However, Japan is still doing a good job in temperature control, and its heating speed is very fast. It can raise the temperature of the iron tip from room temperature to the set temperature within 6 seconds. However, there are several domestic companies that have done a good job, such as Shanghai Welding Feng, etc. The temperature control has done a good job.
--------- 把锡丝精准的送到烙铁头的前段 Third, the tin delivery system --------- accurately send the tin wire to the front section of the soldering iron head
The current mainstream of the tin-feeding system is the use of a micro-stepping motor control method, which controls the speed of the motor through time to achieve the purpose of accurate tin-feeding. However, in terms of the tin delivery system, it is divided into two methods: general tin delivery and tin explosion prevention.
Development status of automatic soldering machines in mainland China
2008 年才慢慢开始被打破。 When the automatic soldering machine first entered the Chinese market, it was basically exclusively owned by Japan. This situation is known to be slowly broken in 2008 . With the development of Chinese technology, more and more Chinese manufacturers have joined this industry. Therefore, Japanese brands in the current Chinese market are becoming less popular with customers due to their expensive prices. With the continuous improvement of manufacturers' technology, the gap from international standards has gradually narrowed. Therefore, domestic manufacturers have competed with each other, forming a great situation where all flowers are blooming and hundreds of companies are arguing. Therefore, it can be said that at present is a good time for the development of automatic soldering machines , and at the same time there is a trend towards the world. 2010 年成立自今，已经在中国市场取得良好的业绩。 Taking the welding soldering machine of Shanghai Fengfeng Electronic Equipment Co., Ltd. as an example, since its establishment in 2010 , it has achieved good performance in the Chinese market. The brand's automatic soldering machine is welcomed by customers with its moderate price, good quality, stable performance, and low price of consumables.
Therefore, in terms of the current development trend in China, the market share of soldering machines of Japanese brands will become less and less, and there will be a tendency to be replaced by domestic independent brands. This is only a matter of time.
Selection of automatic soldering machine
At present, the soldering machine in the domestic market can be said to be good and bad, which is also in line with the development of our domestic market. 2008 年以后的，因此在技术的积累上来说，和国外相比还是有一定的差距的。 As far as China's current national brands are concerned, most of them started after 2008 , so in terms of technology accumulation, there is still a certain gap compared with foreign countries. For the time being, most of our national brand soldering machines imitate Japanese technology in terms of appearance and technical content. 2010 年之后，这个感觉就更明显了。 So for us, we are still in the climbing stage of technology, but through the development of these years, we can clearly feel that the gap between the soldering machine and foreign countries is gradually narrowing, especially after 2010 , this feeling is even more Obviously. There are two main performances: one is that we can compete with foreign ones in terms of machine accuracy, and the other is in temperature control. Although we are not as fast as foreign brands from other countries, we have already reached Can be comparable to them. Everyone knows that the initial heating rate is not so important in practical applications. It is important that the temperature can keep up during the welding process. This is the basis for ensuring the welding quality.
As far as domestic brands are concerned, there are several companies that have better temperature control technology such as Shanghai Weldfeng. It can be said that they have their own advantages in this regard. Take the automatic soldering machine of Shanghai Welding Feng brand, its temperature control technology can be said to be first-class, and its heating and returning speeds are very fast during the welding process. Therefore, various manufacturers can choose which machine is suitable for their products according to their actual needs. The selection criteria are as follows:
First, whether the temperature control is over
Whether the accuracy of the robot arm can meet the production requirements
Whether the equipment is stable
Fourth, whether the supplies are expensive and durable
V. Is the price acceptable?